Scaling Out Approaches to Climate Smart Agriculture in Eastern Africa

Scaling Out Approaches to Climate Smart Agriculture in Eastern Africa

This is a two-year project started in December 2012 and ends in December 2014. The project is being implemented together with Eastern Africa Farmers' Federation (EAFF) with funding from the Norwegian Agency for Development (NORAD).


The project is implemented in four countries - Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, with KENAFF and KLPA implementing the activities in Kenya.

KENAFF is implementing the project in Thika and Koibatek districts. The project has three main objectives:

1. To develop and disseminate protocols for selected CSA practices in Eastern Africa;

2. To increase the adoption of CSA practices in the target areas;

3. To build capacity of farmer organizations to adopt the appropriate climate smart agriculture options for their respective agro-ecological conditions.


At least 1,000 small farmers (of whom at least 500 are women farmers) have adopted selected CSA practices. Adoption of practices implies that farmers are utilizing the knowledge and technologies that have been disseminated through the out-scaling plans. This will be measured from a baseline of farmers.

The baseline will be conducted as part of the pre-visits using farmer groups meetings and discussions. The out-scaling plan will include farmer group discussions to collect information on adoption. The organization will have developed or strengthened its capacity to provide support services to the members on selected CSA practices. In the context of this project, support services refer to technical agricultural advices or extension services which will be delivered to individual farmers.


The intention by the end of the project is for KENAFF to sustainably provide technical support and advice to farmers on the selected CSA practices. Focused CSA approaches: The project will focus on two CSA approaches - Sustainable Agricultural Land Management (SALM) and conservation farming:

A) Sustainable Agricultural Land Management (SALM): This approach to SALM embraces two other supportive services to farmer organizations - farmer enterprise development (linking farmers to markets and services for value addition), and financial services. SALM encompasses a wide range of practices including: agronomic practices, soil nutrient management, water management, tillage and residue management, agro-forestry, restoration and land rehabilitation, livestock management, and efficient energy production.

B) Conservation Agriculture: Centers around three principles: Permanent soil cover, minimum soil disturbance, and Crop and cover crop rotations and associations. The three principles are complemented with other practices including: i) Good agronomic practices: Timely and precision planting, proper plant spacing, and effective weed control (with and without herbicides) ii) Use of improved external inputs: Improved seeds, Judicious use of fertilizers, and judicious use of pesticides. Progress I) Baseline survey has already been completed. II) ToT trainings to start 2nd week of May 2014. III) Farmers training and demonstration to start in June2014.

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